This information is derived from the State Department’s Office of Investment Affairs’ 2016 Investment Climate Statement. Any questions on the ICS can be directed to
Last Published: 7/20/2017

China has bilateral investment agreements with over 100 countries and economies, including: Austria, the Belgium-Luxembourg Economic Union, Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, South Korea, Spain, Thailand, and the United Kingdom.  China’s bilateral investment agreements cover expropriation, arbitration, most-favored-nation treatment, and repatriation of investment proceeds.  They are generally regarded as weaker than the investment treaties the United States seeks to negotiate.

The United States and China were actively engaged in BIT negotiations from October 2012 until January 2017.
In addition to bilateral investment agreements, China also has 14 Free Trade Agreements (FTAs) with its trade and investment partners.  It is negotiating an additional nine FTAs and researching six more potential FTAs. China’s FTA partners are ASEAN, Singapore, Pakistan, New Zealand, Chile, Peru, Costa Rica, Iceland, Switzerland, Hong Kong, Macao, and Taiwan. China has also recently signed FTAs with Korea and Australia, both of which include a chapter on investment.

The United States and China concluded a bilateral taxation treaty in 1984.

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China Economic Development and Investment Market Access International Agreements