Turkmenistan - 9-CorruptionTurkmenistan - Corruption
Although Turkmenistan has legislation to combat corruption, these laws are not generally enforced, and rampant corruption remains a problem. Formally, the Ministry of Internal Affairs, the Ministry of National Security, and the General Prosecutor’s Office are responsible for combating corruption. President Berdimuhamedov has publicly stated that corruption will not be tolerated. The opaque nature of Turkmenistan’s economic, financial, and banking systems provides fertile soil for corruption. In 2016, Transparency International ranked Turkmenistan 154 among 174 countries in the world in its Corruption Perceptions Index. American firms have identified widespread government corruption, usually in the form of rent seeking, as an obstacle to investment and business throughout all economic sectors and regions. It is most pervasive in the areas of government procurement, the awarding of licenses and customs. In March 2014, the parliament adopted a law on Combatting Corruption that establishes a legal and institutional framework to help identify and prosecute cases of corruption. The law prohibits government officials from accepting gifts (in person or through an intermediary) from foreign states, international organizations and political parties. It also severely limits the ability of government officials to travel on business at the expense of foreign entities. Given Turkmenistan’s weak legal institutions, however, it is difficult to see how this law could be effectively enforced. There are no NGOs involved in either monitoring or investigating corruption. Certain government officials including the traffic police officers find rent-seeking normal behavior. There are no indications that the government encourages or requires the private companies to prohibit bribery of public officials in reality.
Resources to Report Corruption
There is no single specifically designated government agency responsible for combating corruption. Law enforcement agencies are responsible for combatting corruption. There is no independent watchdog organization in the country that monitors corruption.
UN Anticorruption Convention, OECD Convention on Combatting Bribery
In March 2005, Turkmenistan acceded to the UN Anticorruption Convention, but it is not a party to the OECD convention on Combating Bribery of Foreign Public Officials in International Business Transactions.
Turkmenistan Economic Development and Investment Market Access