This is a best prospect industry sector for this country. Includes a market overview and trade data.
Last Published: 7/18/2018






2018 (estimated)

Total Market Size





Local Production















Import from U.S.





Exchange Rate: 1USD





$US millions (total market size = (total local production + imports) - exports)
Data Sources: Singapore Government Trade Statistics

Singapore has become one of the most important shipping centers in Asia and is one of the world’s top five oil trading and refining hubs.  In addition, Singapore is one of the market leaders for floating production, storage and offloading (FPSOs) conversions and offshore jack-up rigs. Underground caverns for oil storage and a liquid natural gas (LNG) terminal are also being expanded in phases to enhance Singapore’s position as the premier regional center for the oil and gas industry.  In view of stabilizing oil prices, the growth and imports are expected to be more promising over the next 1-2 years than over the past 2-3 years.  However, as the regional hub for Southeast Asia and its friendly business environment, there will be opportunities for U.S. exporters in Singapore especially if there is a pickup in oil and gas exploration activities.

Leading Sub-Sectors 

Singapore offers many opportunities for American companies including:

  • Supply of equipment such as boring or sinking machinery for upstream and downstream oil and gas, shipbuilding, marine, mechanical and electrical construction, oxidation additives, and various control systems
  • Oilfield equipment that includes instrumentation such as drilling information systems, drilling monitors, mud logging units, mud monitoring systems, torque gauges, pressure gauges, weight indicators, deadline anchors, valves/actuators, performance testing, and design control systems
  • Supply of tubular products such as casings, tubing, carbon steel line pipes, drill pipes, heavy wall pipes, drill collars, drill stem accessories, and mechanical alloy steel tubes used on derricks


Singapore is often listed as the leading oil trading hub in Asia (third in the world after New York and London) and amongst the world’s top five oil refining centers.  It has a refining capacity of nearly double its rate of petroleum products consumption.  It is also a world leader in the construction of exploration and production platforms and FPSOs conversions as well as for jack-up rigs.  However, with the industry downturn over the past 2-3 years, there were less projects undertaken but with the improving industry outlook, it is expected there will be new projects over the next 1-2 years.

According to industry sources and feedback from Singapore companies, the stability and economics of oil prices are very important. In addition, cash flow also has an impact on new projects such as construction of new rigs so many companies are consolidating / restructuring or adopting new innovative technologies to be more efficient.  An example of a new project that is proceeding is the US$200 million semisubmersible floating production topside which Shell is building in Singapore which will be eventually be located 150 miles southeast of New Orleans in 4000ft deep of water in the Gulf of Mexico.

Engineering, procurement, and construction of the US$700 million LNG terminal was awarded in late 2009 to a Korean consortium led by Samsung.  The first phase was completed in 2013 with the arrival of the first shipment of LNG from Qatar.  Future expansion work (including a second LNG terminal which has been proposed), costing more than US$500 million, is already being planned as Singapore aims to be a future hub for natural gas trading and transshipment in Asia.  Once all phases are completed by 2017, the first terminal will be able to handle nine million metric tons per year.

The construction of Very Large Floating Structures (VLFS) for storage of oil and petroleum products is being explored since land is scarce.  Feasibility studies are underway to determine the impact of sea currents and met-ocean conditions according to recent press reports.  To be economical, the minimum storage capacity of a VLFS would be 300,000 cubic meters or equivalent to that of a very large crude carrier.  It is estimated that it would cost US$150 million or more – however, the decision to move forward with the issue of a tender (engineering, procurement, and construction) has been postponed due to the downturn in the oil & gas sector.

Web Resources

Trade Shows
OSEA 2018
November 27-29, 2018
Singapore Government Offices
Singapore Economic Development Board (SEDB)
Enterprise Singapore (EnterpriseSG)


U.S. Commercial Service, Singapore Contact

Mr. CHAN Y K, Commercial Specialist

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Singapore Energy Trade Development and Promotion