Morocco - EnergyMorocco - Energy
Morocco imports approximately 90 percent of its energy needs, according to the Moroccan Ministry of Energy. The total primary energy consumption has increased by about 5 percent per year since 2004. Per the state-owned power utility ONEE, Morocco's electricity production derives from coal (31 percent), hydroelectricity (22 percent), fuel oil (25 percent), natural gas (10 percent), wind (10 percent) and solar (2 percent).
The national strategic objective is to improve security of supply by reducing dependence on energy imports, including increasing use of renewable sources for electricity production. By 2020, renewable energy is planned to account for 42 percent of installed electrical generation capacity, or 6,000 megawatts (MW). By 2030, renewable energy sources are planned to provide 52 percent of the total installed capacity.
Morocco offers opportunities to U.S. firms in the following segments:
Engineering, Procurement, and Construction (EPC) Contracting
Solar water heaters
Concentrated solar power (CSP)
Micro Hydraulic Centrals
High, medium and low-voltage applications.
Technical training for facilities repair and maintenance
Solar Energy: Morocco has an average solar potential of 5 kilowatt hours (kWh) per square meter per day, though this varies with the country’s geography. The Moroccan Agency for Sustainable Energy (MASEN) plans for the installed capacity of both CSP and PV to be at least 2,000 MW by 2020.
Wind Energy: Morocco has a technical wind potential of slightly less than 5,000 terawatt hours (TWh) per year, with potential useful capacity of 25,000 MW, according to the Moroccan Agency for Energy Efficiency (AMEE).
Energy Efficiency: Morocco’s energy efficiency strategy was revised with targets to improve energy efficiency by 20 percent by 2030 and develop action plans in the sectors of transportation, construction, industry, agriculture and public lighting. AMEE has finalized a contract with the state to focus on the industrial, construction, technology, building, transportation infrastructure, and public and domestic lighting sectors.
Fossil fuels: In 2017, Sound Energy, a British exploration and production (E&P) company, reported it had found deposits of between 9 trillion and 31 trillion cubic feet of gas at its Tendrara concession in eastern Morocco, with commercial production planned for as early as 2019. Another UK-based E&P firm, SDX Energy, discovered two additional gas repositories in the north of the country in 2018.
Morocco is expected to tender soon a $4.6 billion gas-to-power project, with a target completion date of 2025. Works will include four new combined-cycle gas turbine power plants, each with a capacity of 600 MW, an LNG import terminal and onshore regasification unit at the Port of Jorf Lasfar on the Atlantic coast, as well as pipelines connecting the terminal to the Maghreb-Europe pipeline in the north of the country. Many U.S. companies have shown interest in both the construction and the gas supply sides of the project.
Morocco Energy Trade Development and Promotion