Links to the State Department’s website for background on the country’s political environment.
Last Published: 10/10/2018

U.S.-India Relations

The U.S.–India relationship figures prominently in the Trump Administration’s Indo-Pacific strategy. In 2017 President Trump hosted Prime Minister Modi at the White House for an official visit under the theme United States and India: Prosperity through Partnership. The United States-India relationship is often called one of the defining partnerships of the 21st century, one which will be vital to U.S. strategic interests in the Asia-Pacific region and across the globe. Our relationship is rooted in common values, including the rule of law, respect for diversity, and a democratic government. The United States and India share interests in promoting global security, stability, and economic prosperity through trade, investment, and connectivity. The United States and India have a common interest in the free flow of global trade and commerce, including through the vital sea lanes of the Indian Ocean.

The United States supports India's critical role as a leader in maintaining regional stability. Security ties are reflected in growing bilateral defense and counterterrorism cooperation. The United States and India also are developing their defense partnership through military sales and joint research, co-production and co-development efforts.

The strength of people-to-people linkages between the United States and India has come to define the indispensable relationship between our two countries. The increased cooperation of state and local officials to create ties has enhanced engagement in education. Additionally, state-to-state and city-to-city engagements have created new partnerships in business and the private sector and enhance our robust government to government engagement.


Bilateral Economic Relations

The United States is India's largest trade and investment partner. U.S.-India bilateral trade in goods and services and the stock of Indian Foreign Direct Investment in the United States have increased dramatically over the last decade, supporting thousands of U.S. jobs.

The United States and India are continuing efforts to deepen the economic relationship, improve investor confidence, and support economic growth in both countries. India's market-oriented economic reforms have included an increasingly liberal foreign investment regime in many sectors.

On energy cooperation, the United States and India are committed to working collaboratively in bilateral and multilateral foray to help ensure mutual energy security, facilitate an adequate balance of energy sources, and support the development of low-carbon economies that will create opportunities and fuel job growth in both countries. The two countries consult regularly on the future of global oil and gas markets, expanding sustainable energy access to support jobs and economic growth in both countries, collaborating in research and technology, and increasing U.S. exports of clean energy technology.


India's Membership in International Organizations

India and the United States share membership in a variety of international organizations, including the United Nations, G-20, Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) Regional Forum, International Monetary Fund, World Bank, and World Trade Organization. India is an ASEAN dialogue partner, an Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development partner under its Enhanced Engagement program, and an observer to the Organization of American States. India is also a member of the Indian Ocean Rim Association (IORA), of which the United States is a dialogue partner.


Bilateral Representation

Principal U.S. embassy officials are listed on the embassy website ( and in the State Department's Key Officers List (

India maintains an embassy in the United States at 2107 Massachusetts Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20008 (tel. 202-939-7000),


Web Resources

U.S. Commercial Service in India:

U.S. Embassy & Consulates in India:

USAID India Page:

Library of Congress India Country Study:

Department of State India Country Page:

History of U.S. Relations with India:

Department of State Key Officers List

CIA World Factbook India Page:

CDC India Page

India 2017 Human Rights Report

India 2017 International Religious Freedom Report

2018 Trafficking in Persons Reports India Narrative

2018 International Narcotics Control Strategy Report

India 2018 Investment Climate Statement:

Office of the U.S. Trade Representative India Page:

U.S. Census Bureau Trade in Goods with India

India International Travel Information:

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