This is a best prospect industry sector for this country. Includes a market overview and trade data.
Last Published: 6/26/2017

Overview
Haiti has substantial renewable energy potential.  Still, the country faces significant challenges to gaining access to clean and renewable energy.  On average, 85 percent of electricity is produced from imported fossil fuels. The underutilized opportunities for small hydropower, smart grid and biomass systems make Haiti an interesting renewable energy prospect.   Much of the population relies on biomass such as charcoal and wood fuel as their main source of energy.  Although solar and wind resources are available throughout the country, very little of this potential has been developed.  The most significant contribution of renewables to Haiti’s energy source comes from hydropower, and one of the GOH’s priorities is to develop this sector.
 
Local demand for U.S. electrical machinery and equipment was valued at $5 million in FY 2016.  Electricité d’Haiti (EDH), an underperforming largely government-owned company, provides about 13 hours of electricity per day throughout the country.  Port-au-Prince itself gets less than 20 hours of electricity per day. EDH only collects $50 million annually, which is not enough to finance the company’s daily operations.  The Haitian government provides an annual grant of $200 million to keep the company afloat.
 
There is an urgent need to repair and expand existing power plants throughout the country.  Haiti has an installed capacity of 313 Megawatts (MW) but only 60 percent of the installed capacity is reliable, as many generation units need rehabilitation and repair work.  Total unmet demand for residential and commercial electricity in the country is estimated at approximately 500 MW per day.  Only 25 percent of Haitians have access to electricity, with an average annual consumption of just 21 Kilowatts (KWH) per person.
 
There are various sources of energy in Haiti including:

  • 506 million KWH produced from two private companies using diesel fuel
  • 284 million KWH generated from EDH power plants including 226 million KWH  produced from the Peligre hydro-electric plant located in the Artibonite Department
  • 334 million KWH produced from three heavy fuel oil power plants developed under a Cuba-Venezuela-Haiti tripartite agreement.
  • 10,000 KWH power plant with transmission and distribution of uninterrupted (24/7) electricity that serves the Caracol industrial Park

 Please note that more recent data on electricity generation is not available. The government hopes to modernize EDH and improve its performance.  Recent efforts that sought to grant a concession to investors for the production and distribution of electricity in the South-East and North-West region through an international tender were unsuccessful. The tender did not receive bids from any firms, as they found the terms to be prohibitive.
 

 

2014

2015

2016

Total Local Production

0

0

0

Total Exports

0

0

0

Total Imports / World

176

143

119

Imports from the US
 

69

44

45

Total Market Size

176

143

119

Exchange Rates

44.37

50.85

63.05

(total market size = (total local production + imports) - exports)
 

Leading Sub-Sectors
Electrical blackouts occur frequently in Haiti. Residential owners drive demand for low cost electrical generation equipment because of severe limits on local generating capaci.  There is also a consistent residential demand for solar energy equipment and smart grids, as well as demand from private businesses. According to Haitian dealers’ records, 50 percent of power generators come from the U.S.  Other suppliers include Japan, France, China, and South Korea. 

Opportunities
EDH’s inability to provide reliable, centrally-supplied power continues to drive demand for power generation equipment, such as new electrical power systems, generators, inverters, and batteries, as well as maintenance for the equipment.  U.S. electrical companies, including those that supply generators, parts, and service, may find opportunities in Haiti.  There is also a market for U.S. firms interested in contracting with EDH to repair existing equipment and to install additional electrical equipment in Port-au-Prince power plants. The World Bank has financed the Electricity Loss Reduction Project (PREPSEL) to increase production and strengthen the management of the electric network in Haiti. With Haiti’s tropical climate and high percentage of daily sunlight, the country could be a prime candidate for wind and solar power generation projects.  There are also opportunities to generate energy from small hydropower and biomass projects.  In 2016, total imports of electrical and electronic materials were valued at $119 million.

Web Resources
Electricite d’Haiti (EDH)
Angle Rue Chareron et Boulevard Harry Truman Cite de l’Exposition
B.P. 1753
Port-au-Prince, Haïti
Tel: (509) 2813-1641 / 2813-0157/ 2813-0197/ 2223-0837 / 2212-2212
Fax: (509) 2223-8750
E-mail: info@edh.ht
(Mr. Hervé Pierre-Louis , Director General)
Electricite d’Haiti (EDH)

E-Power
Hinsa Free Zone Park, Rue Lisius, Drouillard
Port-au-Prince, Haïti
Tel: (509) 2813-0015
Fax: (954) 323-4315
E-mail: admin@epowerhaiti.com
E-Power Haiti

Sogener S.A.
30, Boulevard Toussaint Louverture,
Route de l’Aeroport
Port-au-Prince, Haïti
Tel: (509) 3707-0000 / 3708-0000
E-mail: sogeneradmin@sogener.com
Sogener S.A.

HayTrac (Haitian Tractor & Equipment Co S.A.)
51, Blvd. Toussaint Louverture
Route de l’Aeroport
Port-au-Prince, Haïti
Tel: (509) 2814-8000
E-mail: haytrac@haytrac.com

 

Prepared by our U.S. Embassies abroad. With its network of 108 offices across the United States and in more than 75 countries, the U.S. Commercial Service of the U.S. Department of Commerce utilizes its global presence and international marketing expertise to help U.S. companies sell their products and services worldwide. Locate the U.S. Commercial Service trade specialist in the U.S. nearest you by visiting http://export.gov/usoffices.



Haiti Energy Trade Development and Promotion