Includes how to get to and from the country/economy as well as the different transportation options and their reliability within this country.
Last Published: 7/27/2017
Ghana has about 24,855 miles of public roads (a quarter of which are paved), one international airport in Accra and three other domestic airports. There are two main ports (Tema and Sekondi-Takoradi) and a triangular 592 mile rail system linking Kumasi, Takoradi and Accra-Tema. However, currently only the Kumasi-Accra line is operational.
International flights to/from Accra’s Kotoka International Airport (ACC) are currently offered by more than 17 international airlines. Delta Airlines provide non-stop flights to/from New York-JFK (JFK) four days per week. South African Airways provide non-stop flights to/from Washington-Dulles (IAD) also 4 day per week. Other airlines that currently fly into Accra include British Airways, KLM, Brussels Airlines, Royal Air Maroc, Alitalia, Lufthansa and Emirates. Flights within Ghana are available from Accra to Kumasi, Sunyani, Takoradi and Tamale through domestic airlines - Antrak Air, Starbow, and Africa World Airlines.

Despite the major expansion and improvement in the road network in Accra, traffic at peak hours is often congested. Some roads on the outskirts are relatively narrow and poorly maintained, with rather daunting open gutters. Driving after dark outside of Accra or other major cities is not recommended due to the lack of adequate street lighting, number of disabled vehicles blocking the roadside, presence of animals and pedestrians and the proportion of local drivers who do not habitually make use of their headlights.

Taxis are plentiful but many are in poor condition. Be sure to negotiate the fare before embarking. Both chauffer and self-driven rental cars are available. Uber launched their service in May, 2016 in the Greater Accra region only. Uber continues to build its network of drivers and cars, but the availability has had a difficult time keeping up with demand, and it rarely operates in the evening and night hours. The use of buses and ‘tro-tros’ is not recommended for business travelers due to problems with security, safety, convenience and reliability. 

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