French Defense Overview
Last Published: 7/18/2016
France is characterized by an extremely sophisticated and competitive defense industry, which includes global players such as Thales, Airbus Group Defence & Space, Dassault, the Safran Group, DCNS, MBDA, and Nexter.  Politically, France and the U.S. are long-standing, close allies. Despite occasional differences of views, the U.S. and France work together on a broad range of trade, security and geopolitical issues. Under former President Sarkozy’s leadership in 2009, France made the decision to rejoin NATO’s military command structure, once again becoming a fully integrated member of the Alliance.
The current defense budget is about EUR 31.4 billion, of which EUR 16 billion is for equipment, including maintenance and infrastructure.  The 2014-2019 budget (La Loi de Programmation LPM) was approved by the French Senate on December 10, 2013, with an increase in funding approved in spring 2015 following terrorist attacks in January and a sustained increase in French engagement overseas.  The increase in budget through 2019 amounts to EUR 3.8 billion.  Staffing should also increase, as both law enforcement and military personnel resources have been thinly stretched due to the high level of alert and very visible street presence required by the current security situation.  Although even with this improved funding France does not reach the NATO target of 2% of GDP for defense spending, for the first time since the end of the Cold War, spending is increasing modestly.
The extra funds will finance personnel costs, but also will underwrite the acquisition of 4 Lockheed Martin C-130J aircraft, needed to plug a specific capability gap.  In 2015 the French also ordered a second, then third, batch of Reaper UAVs.  The funds will also facilitate the renovation of older Mirage aircraft and the acquisition of additional Tigre and NH-90 helicopters.
France is and will remain a major world player in defense.  It has the one of the most forward-deployed armed forces in the world after the U.S.  France is an active participant in air strikes against ISIS in Syria, and has also been engaged in the Balkans and in Africa, where it recently took a major leadership role in Libya, Mali and the Central African Republic.  France was strongly engaged in Afghanistan and in subsequent training of the Afghanistan military and in reconstruction work.
French forces have been, in fact, almost everywhere that U.S. forces have been (with the exception of Iraq), and in many places the United States is not strongly present (like Mali).  As such, and when our policies coincide, they serve as a key force multiplier to the U.S. Armed Forces and U.S. policy in general.  In order to rationalize defense expenditures, France is seeking to increase multi- and bi-lateral cooperation, specifically with the U.K. and the United States.  Current topics for deeper U.S./French cooperation include MALE UAV programs, theater ballistic missile defense, tactical missiles, tactical communications, chemical-biological defense and interoperability to include command and control systems, space situational awareness, satellite communications, and cyber defense.
France was the world’s sixth largest industrialized economy in 2015.  With an annual GDP of about one-sixth of the United States, France is the United States eighth largest trading partner, as reported in U.S. Department of Commerce data. France is a member of the G-8, the European Union, NATO, the World Trade Organization (WTO) and the Organization for Economic Co-Operation and Development (OECD). In the defense industry, France and the U.S. are both market leaders and competitors.  2015 was a record year for French defense exports, which were valued at EUR 16 billion, double the rate of 2014 largely due to the sales of Dassault’s Rafale fighter jet  to Egypt and Qatar (and probably to India in 2016) and submarines to Australia.  2016 is also expected to be an excellent year for French defense exports, as competitions are ongoing for frigates, more submarines, helicopters and observation satellites with foreign allies. 
France maintains its position as a world military power based on its small-scale version of a superpower arsenal.  This arsenal is made up of three distinct elements: an independent nuclear deterrent, conventional force for air and land combat and a blue-water navy.  In addition, it produces satellites and will continue to strengthen its drone capabilities.  Current defense acquisitions and programming reflect this; the replacement of their current fleet of fighter-aircraft, the procurement of strategic and tactical lift aircraft, the procurement of new carrier-based helicopters, a new sea-launched nuclear missile program, new air defense and anti-air missile systems and replacement or modernization the Army’s fleet of vehicles. However, reductions and delays in programs including the A400M and Rafale have occurred. 
To supply cost effective systems to maintain its nuclear deterrent and standing military forces, France has long relied on an autonomous defense-industrial base, often greatly subsidized by the Government.  Despite this desire for autonomy, France has taken a leading role within the European Union to try to incorporate its defense industry into a shared, European vision. This is perhaps a paradox, but market forces have forced many French defense companies to partner with other European firms in order to deliver competitive products.  Shrinking European defense budgets, and the high cost of R&D, mixed with fierce competition from the U.S. has forced Europe to adapt, through the gradual deregulation and decoupling of the defense industry from the national governments. Examples of cross-border defense companies include Airbus Defence & Military, Airbus Helicopters and MBDA.  Most recently, armored vehicle companies Nexter (France) and KMW (Germany), manufacturers of the Leclerc and Leopard tanks respectively, concluded a cooperation agreement and will possible merge in the future. This industrial cooperation has been achieved with a handful of nations, mainly Germany, Italy and the UK, although on the other hand there has been limited foreign acquisition of French defense companies by non-French firms.
The bilateral 2010 Lancaster House defense relationship between France and UK has continued and strengthened; work continues in the area of combat drones with the preparation of the FCAS DP (Future Combat Air System Demonstration Program), the future naval anti-mine system (MMCM), cooperation on a light anti-ship missile and overall better cooperation to identify and rationalize common R&T interests. 



The French Procurement Agency and its Market
The Direction Générale pour l’Armement, or France’s Armaments directorate, is the tri-service procurement agency of the French Ministry of Defense. The U.S. Embassy’s Office of Defense Cooperation can assist U.S. defense industry representatives in identifying the appropriate levels of contacts within the DGA.  DGA currently reports directly to the Minister of Defense.
Laurent Collet-Billon took over in 2008 as National Armaments Director and head of the DGA, whose 10,000 employees are mostly civilians. DGA manages about 80 armaments programs, representing EUR 10.7 billion in orders to industry in 2015.  In terms of research and defense technology, in 2015 it spent EUR 852 million on development studies and demonstrators.
This includes increasing cross-border cooperation (a significant number of advanced studies are done in the context of European cooperation), working within the framework of the European Defense Agency, NATO and other multilateral agreements, and creating more opportunities to collaborate with the U.S.  In fact, over the last several years, DGA has gone from having considerable direct control over industry to having much closer partnerships with industry. 
To provide a well-equipped defense force capable of meeting the challenges of a dynamic geo-political landscape, France and other European countries have increasingly worked in concert on major weapons procurements. As more and more French defense procurements are conducted on a joint-European basis, the DGA hopes that the gains in technology and price competitiveness for French and European firms will better position them to compete in the world defense export market.  For instance, the A400M Atlas is a joint project between France and several other European countries.
In November 2011 EDA proposed and Defence Ministers adopted an initial list of eleven Pooling & Sharing priorities. Among these projects are Air-to-Air Refuelling, Helicopter Training Programs, maritime surveillance, and the EU Satcom Market procurement cell.
The four capability programs and high-level goals are:
  • Air-to-Air Refuelling, with the objective of establishing a multinational fleet from 2019;
  • Remotely Piloted Aircraft Systems, with the objective of laying the foundations for a European solution in the 2020-2025 timeframe;
  • Governmental Satellite Communication, with the objective of preparing the next generation in the 2025 timeframe;
  • Cyber Defence, with a focus on technology, training and protection of EU assets. 
    This trend creates a challenging environment for American companies wishing to compete for DGA solicitations.  Despite these challenges, opportunities exist for U.S. firms to make contributions to the French military.  As examples, the French have purchased General Atomics MQ-9 Reaper RPAs, they operate a fleet of Boeing AWACS surveillance aircraft, Lockheed-Martin C-130H cargo, KC-135 tanker aircraft, Northrop-Grumman E2C Hawkeyes and FGM-148 Javelins.  They purchased 4 C-130J aircraft in January 2016 to cover a capability gap. On the sub-assemblies or component levels, procurement tends to be more globalized the deeper one goes into the supply chain; the major obstacle to U.S. suppliers selling more in France is a tendency by industry to avoid purchasing ITAR-regulated items when possible.  While recent reforms will certainly help, it will take some time for the benefits of U.S. export control reforms to trickle down to the buyer level.
    In summary, the French procurement agency provides the armed services with armaments and military equipment but also manages the military industry, and coordinates and conducts military and technical cooperation.  The DGA includes armaments inspection and nuclear inspection and also has its own financial and economic department.
    The Important Role of Research and Development (R&D)
    R&D is another important part of DGA’s operation.  This research has several main goals, which are linked.  One, research is done in order to help DGA examine new opportunities and threats (primarily theoretical
    research).  Two, R&D is done in order to satisfy military needs.  R&D permits DGA to make relevant choices (especially in technologies) and find niches where others have proved to be reluctant to go in order to develop superior skills.  This was the case with the ramjet engine, which fits some French missiles, and should also fit French deterrent force missiles.  Finally, DGA uses its R&D budget to support industry. 
    The French Armaments E-Portal
    The DGA and Ministry of Defense participate in an inter-ministerial online trading exchange,  This is considered one of the largest public marketplaces in Europe. This virtual marketplace covers both armed forces equipment and general equipment and supplies used by the MoD including, fuel, healthcare products, food and clothing. DGA also runs a portal,, which describes programs run by the agency, programs run in cooperation with other countries, and describes French import/export licensing procedures, among other things.
    The French defense industry was one of the last to adapt to a post-Cold War era.  Until relatively recently, France’s defense industry was characterized by many different national companies working in the same market sector.  The French government bought goods from these companies to support its indigenous defense market and maintain its job base.  France’s military history and desire for a world leadership role is reflected in its pursuit of near total self-reliance for defense capabilities. Declining national defense budgets have long since made it imperative for French companies to seek external markets to stay afloat.  Industrial rationalization has occurred across most subsectors, resulting in one or two major players per activity.
    While the GoF has been divesting many of its holdings within the defense industry, it nevertheless maintains a stake across the spectrum of large, medium, and small firms.  Major companies within the sector include the Airbus Group, Thales, Nexter, Safran, Dassault, MBDA and naval shipbuilder DCNS.
    Changes in the European Industry over the past decade have helped to more easily transfer military components to the civilian field and vice-versa. Airbus Group has expanded its competencies from special mission and aerial fueling aircraft to such efforts as missile defense, homeland security and the tri-national Medium Extended Air Defense System (MEADS).
    Traditionally, France has preferred to start with a national champion, built and strengthened through domestic mergers, before going outside its borders. 
    Major Players in the Defense Industry in France
    Fewer than a dozen large firms such as Thales, Airbus Group, Nexter, MBDA, Safran, DCNS and Dassault dominate the French defense industry, but thousands of small and medium firms depend upon them for work.  The U.S. Commercial Service at the Embassy in Paris is available to assist U.S. firms to reach out to potential partners.
    The Airbus Group (previously EADS) is a European consortium and defense contractor, in addition to its civil aerospace activities. The group includes Airbus (commercial aircraft), Airbus Defence & Space (previously Airbus Military, Astrium and Cassidian) and Airbus Helicopters (previously Eurocopter).  Airbus Defence & Space manufactures products and solutions in a multitude of categories, such as military aircraft, detection, missiles, electronic warfare, mission support systems, engagement & command, protection & surveillance, command & control, intelligence, LSI competence, mobile data applications, mobile hospital solutions, professional mobile radio, and soldier modernization as well as satellites and launchers. Airbus Helicopters produces a range of military helicopters in addition to its civil aircraft. 
    Thales is a long-standing partner to military and security forces around the world, Thales covers four core areas of expertise: Surveillance (detection and intelligence systems), Communication (command and control systems), Protection systems and mission / combat systems and Mission services and support. The ThalesRaytheonSystems French/US JV specializes in air operation command and control systems, surveillance radars, and ground-based weapon-locating radars.  Dassault owns a 25% share of Thales and the GoF owns a 26% share.
    The Safran Group produces systems and equipment for inertial navigation, avionics, optronics, tactical drones and other defense applications. These products are used on military transport and combat aircraft, helicopters, warships, submarines, armored vehicles and artillery systems for land, air, and sea defense. Their Defense & Electronics division is a leader in tactical drones. The Safran group is a global enterprise comprised of number of subsidiary companies. The GoF owns 15.4% of the company.
    MBDA Missile Systems (MBDA was founded in December 2001 through the merger of Aerospatiale-Matra Missiles (of EADS), Finmeccanica and Matra BAe Dynamics, and has become Europe’s top guided-weapons producer.
    DCNS is France’s main naval shipbuilder and is majority owned by the French government. Building surface ships and nuclear submarines, the firm has also recently become more involved in marine renewable energy. Thales owns a 35% share in DCNS.
    Nexter Group is a French government owned vehicle, artillery and weapons system manufacturer. The company provides the French Army with the CAESAR artillery system, le Leclerc battle tank and the VBCI fighting vehicle.  Nexter Group and the German firm KMW merged in 2015, combining the Leclerc and Leopard tank lines. Nexter has allied itself with Renault Trucks Defense and Thales for the Scorpion armored vehicle contract, which Nexter hopes will allow it to expand its international business. 
    Dassault Aviation has become one of the world leaders in the design and manufacturing of civil and military aircraft. In the military market, Dassault Aviation produces the Rafale fighter jet in Air Force and Naval variants. Dassault Aviation is lead contractor on the European nEUROn advanced stealth Unmanned Combat Air Vehicle.  Dassault was finally successful in concluding export contracts in 2015 for the Rafale fighter jet.
    The European Defense Context
    Europe has been faced with massive challenges in dealing with the influx of refugees from Syria and the Middle East, ensuing border control and security issues, and of course the threat of terrorism.  The rise of Populist political parties, the possible Brexit, the economic relief package for Greece and a host of other economic and political issues have been spotlighting the difficulty European has in achieving consensus on actions to take.  At the same time, Russian aggression in the Ukraine has spooked many of our allies into re-thinking their defense budgets and priorities.  Nevertheless, the perception of the intensity of these threats diverges from country to country within Europe, as well as the commitment to respond to these threats.  While the European public tends to be favorable to a more integrated approach to defense, national interests such as jobs and sovereignty have prevented politicians from moving forward.
    European countries have come to realize they can no longer afford to acquire multiple European jet fighter programs or main battle tank programs, etc., nor can a single E.U. country afford to develop a significant platform or system without some level of bilateral or multilateral support.  Moving forward with defense industry consolidation will therefore be key to France’s (and that of E.U. member nations’) success.  Additional defense budget constraints heavily dictate this consolidation. Individual parliaments within the E.U. have pressured their governments for years to promote the birth of a European industrial and technological base dedicated to defense, able to preserve European capabilities in this field  (with the implicit understanding that most national capabilities are too weak to be preserved).  In 2004, the European Defense Agency (EDA) was created, and it currently has a staff of 110 and a budget of approximately EUR 31 million.  Nevertheless, much research is still not rationalized, so much duplication and low interoperability is still very much a problem – even though governments are acutely aware of the need to improve economies of scale amidst declining defense budgets.  Consolidation is seen as a means of competing on an equal footing with U.S. industry, as well as providing the necessary prerequisites for further transatlantic industrial teaming. 
    Limits of Europeanization: Political Problems and French National Interest
    The EADS – BAE failed merger is a reminder of the complexity and sensitivities regarding fusions in the defense arena.  Further major consolidations are unlikely but not impossible; instead, project-based cooperation should increase. There are some limits, naturally, to the Europeanization of the defense industries.  Because industry reorganization typically proceeds much faster than most political processes, an intergovernmental agreement will be needed to monitor reorganization.  The passage of the Lisbon Treaty improved some structural impediments to cooperation and decision making; unanimous approval by all E.U. members is no longer required.  The E.U. maintains strong anti-trust legislation, in order to avoid excessive concentration to the detriment of competitiveness for companies as well as states. Within France, the government sometimes finds itself at cross purposes with its own E.U. rhetoric, such as promoting the Eurofighter program, in which Airbus Group is heavily implicated, while also supporting the Rafale made by Dassault Aviation – of which Airbus Group is also major shareholder.  As with all E.U. nations, what is important for France is the survival of French defense industry, even if it is incorporated within a European industry. 
    Many programs dominated and will dominate the French defense budget for the next two decades. Notably, drones are one of the highest priorities of the French MoD. These programs will stretch the defense budget for the next 15-20 years.
    New programs to be launched under the LPM include a medium-altitude long-endurance (MALE) UAV; tactical UAV systems; CERES electronic intelligence satellites; next-generation satellite communications; Scorpion combat system, among others. Here is a non-exhaustive selection of France’s major armaments programs, intended to illustrate the diversity of French technology:
    Scorpion is the largest modernization program for the French Army within, roughly, the next decade, valued at around 5 billion euros. It brings together all of the French Army platform programs: Armored Reconnaissance and Combat Tank (EBRC) , Multirole Armored Vehicles (VBMR – total 2300 vehicles), modernized Leclerc heavy tanks, FELIN Infantry Combat Suite, Scorpion Combat and Information System (SIC-S) and communication means. By around 2020, almost 1,000 VBMRs, some 70 EBRCs and all the modernized Leclerc tanks (to maintain them in service through 2040) are expected to have been delivered.  The first part of the contract, an amount of € 752 million, was signed with Nexter, Thales and Renault Trucks Defense and deliveries will run through until 2025.
    Built by Dassault Aviation, the Rafale is France’s multirole combat aircraft, used for air supremacy, interdiction, reconnaissance, and the airborne nuclear deterrent missions. In operation since 2000, it is being used by both the French Air Force and Navy. The LPM has reduced the original 66 deliveries over the period (2014-2019) to 26. The program has suffered from lack of exports, but 2015 saw initial sales of aircraft to  Egypt and Qatar, and an intermediary agreement was concluded with India for a further 36 aircraft initially.  These sales will allow both the GoF and Dassault to keep the cost of the program viable.
    The Airbus A330-200 multi role aerial refueling and transport tanker aircraft will replace 12 out of France’s 14 current fleet of refueling aircraft (3 KC-135R, 11 C-135FR) as well as provide strategic transport for smaller freight shipments or personnel movements.    The prime contractor is Airbus Defence and Space, which assembles the aircraft in Toulouse.  Their transformation into tankers is done by Airbus D&S in Spain, and Thales Avionics is responsible for the avionics.  The aircraft is powered by Rolls-Royce engines.
HIL (Hélicoptères Interarmées Légers)
This ambitious program aims to replace the aging light helicopters in service by a unique platform. The HIL (Interarmy Light Helicopter) will eventually replace 180 machines within the different corps (Navy, Army, Special Forces). Some of these aircraft will have entered service in the early 1970’s, and will still be in service in 15-20 years, until the new fleet is in place. The objective is to rationalize the costs by making a group buy. Initially planned for 2018, the program has been postponed for cost reasons but also to better assess the requirements of the various users.  Airbus Helicopter H-160 is considered as a favorite to supply the next HIL, which will replace the current Gazelle, Fennec, Alouette, Dauphin, and Puma helicopters.  They should be equipped with ISR capabilities (Intelligence, Surveillance, Reconnaissance) and be armored.
France and the UK have recently announced plans to invest more than USD 2 billion to build a prototype of a next-generation combat drone, which they aim to be operational by 2025, with a system flying with full operational capability starting around 2030. The future combat air system project is based on a feasibility study conducted by French companies Dassault, Snecma and Thales, and BAE Systems, Finmeccanica Airborne and Space Systems Division, and Rolls-Royce on the British side.
France also just decided to award the contract for the new tactical drone for the army to Sagem (Safran Electronics & Defense).  Two Patroller systems (5 vectors and a ground station each) should be delivered in 2019, with an additional 4 vectors used for training, for a total value of 300 million euros.  The Patroller will replace the Sperwer systems, also made by Sagem, currently in use.
At the end of 2015, France ordered a third set of General Atomics MQ-9 Reapers unmanned Medium Altitude Long Endurance (MALE) aerial vehicles, with delivery scheduled in early 2019. The second batch, as well as an earlier batch, is in US Air Force standard versions, while the third will be in an international version.
In addition to surveillance, some of aircraft will allow payloads for gathering electromagnetic intelligence. The new version will qualify for flying in Europe and be used for training.  France is part of a four nation collaborative effort now coming together in Europe to develop a next generation rival to the Reaper machine. The program, which is being led by Germany, also includes Italy and Spain.
Generally, the French State does not approve acquisitions of defense companies by foreign owners, other than in dual-use aerospace SMEs.  France has chosen to seek shared autonomy for some strategic technologies, but retains national autonomy for technologies associated with its nuclear deterrence force. But by divesting itself of its corporate assets, the GoF has been moving towards less direct control of its industry.  Competition between large French firms like Thales and Airbus Group tends to create stronger transatlantic links. However, France’s goal is to minimize U.S. defense dominance by pushing for greater European defense cooperation.  To buy French or European-made goods is a stated preference, and thus the French have a deepening commitment to European cooperation.  There are exceptions: witness France’s recent purchase of C-130J aircraft and Reaper MALE UAS from the United States. Overall, however, U.S. firms have only a minor share of the defense market in France.
France’s politicians are more reluctant to cooperate with the United States than are France’s armed forces or industry.  French authorities believe there are three reasons to buy weapon systems from the United States: the impossibility to design and/or build the equipment in Europe, to save money with acquisition of a product that has been highly engineered (like AWACS or Hawkeye aircraft whose development costs would be prohibitive for France or other European manufacturers to duplicate) and as an interim solution until a European solution can be developed (Reapers).  It should also be noted that France’s procurement processes make urgent acquisitions difficult, especially compared to the relative flexibility of the US acquisition system.  Therefore, France tends to rely on the US FMS system in times of urgent operational need, such as for the recent C-130J purchase.
This trend creates a challenging environment for American companies wishing to compete for DGA solicitations.  Despite these challenges, opportunities exist for U.S. firms to make substantial contributions to the French military.  For example, the French operate fleets of Boeing AWACS surveillance aircraft, Lockheed-Martin C-130 cargo aircraft, Northrop-Grumman E2C Hawkeyes, MQ-9 Reapers and now C-130Js.  In practical terms, it is important for U.S. firms to look “French”, or at least “European” when trying to do business in the defense industry in France.  Joint ventures or partnering arrangements are important to get a foot in the door; the advantages of a joint venture include benefiting from the experience of the French company (instead of being a competitor) in its own market, sharing costs on the programs, and penetrating the French market under a French label. 
Two joint ventures in particular, that of CFM International (Snecma Moteurs and GE Aircraft Engines) and ThalesRaytheonSystems, TRS, (who partnered to provide the DGA and other European customers with air defense and air command and control systems) have been depicted as models of transatlantic cooperation.  Joint ventures increase the possibility of being awarded a contract as prime contractor for important French military programs that would not be offered to a strictly American company. 
Below the level of prime contractors, sub assembly and component supply chains tend to be much more globalized.  However, while there is no official ITAR-free strategy, much of French industry will tend to avoid using ITAR-controlled US products if an alternative exists.   This is not a political statement, but instead for security of supply and ease of doing business issues. This obstacle is less prevalent when working with French firms seeking to do more business in the United States.  The U.S. Administration’s efforts to update and reform its export control regime has been greeted with enthusiasm in Europe and if it is implemented and is far-reaching enough, may eventually help to even the playing field for potential U.S. suppliers.
U.S. Commercial Service
American Embassy
2, avenue Gabriel
75008 Paris, France
Telephone: +33 (0) 1 43 12 22 22
Office of Defense Cooperation
American Embassy
2, avenue Gabriel
75008 Paris, France
Telephone: +33 (0) 1 43 12 28 31
French Ministry of Defense in the U.S.
Office of the Defense Cooperation Attaché
4101 Reservoir Road, NW
Washington, DC 20007
Telephone: +1 (202) 944-6400
Bureau of Industry and Security (Export controls, dual use items)
Office of Exporter Services
Outreach and Educational Services Division
14th Street and Pennsylvania Avenue, NW
U.S. Department of Commerce
Washington DC 20230
Telephone: +1 (202) 482-4811
Directorate of Defense Trade Controls (Export controls – defense goods/services)
2401 E. Street, NW
Washington, DC 20037
(Mail: PM/DDTC, SA-1, 12th floor
Directorate of Defense Trade Controls
Bureau of Political Military Affairs
U.S. Department of State
Washington, DC 20522-0221
Telephone: +1 (202) 663-1282
Fax: +1 (202) 261-8199
GICAN (French naval armament and construction industrial association)
60, rue de Monceau
75008 Paris, France
Telephone : +33 (0)1 56 59 15 15
GICAT (French land defense equipment manufacturers association)
3, avenue Hoche
75008 Paris, France
Telephone: +33 1 44 14 58 20
GIFAS (French Aeronautical and aerospace industrial association)
8, rue Galilée
75 782 Paris cedex 16, France
Telephone: +33 (0) 1 44 43 17 00
Trade Shows
Eurosatory 2016
Land and Land/Air Defense
Paris, France
June 13-17, 2016
The Association of the United States Army manages a U.S. Pavilion at this biennial event, with the support of the U.S. Departments of Commerce and Defense.
Euronaval 2016
Naval Defense
Paris, France
October 17-21, 2016
Paris Air Show 2017
Civil and Military Aviation
Paris, France
June 2017
Kallman Worldwide, Inc. ( manages a U.S. Pavilion at this biennial event.        
For More Information
The U.S. Commercial Service in Paris, France can be contacted via e-mail at:; Phone: (33-1) 43 12 22 22; Fax: (33-1) 43 12 70 50 or visit our website: 
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France Defense Equipment Trade Development and Promotion