This is a best prospect industry sector for this country. Includes a market overview and trade data.
Last Published: 3/20/2019

Overview

The country’s energy needs are met from a variety of sources, including hydro and diesel generation, wood, coal, and petroleum products.  The reorganized state-owned Energy Fiji Limited (EFL), formerly the Fiji Electricity Authority, which is currently in the process of being privatized, is the main generator and distributor of grid-based power to an estimated ninety percent of the population on the main islands of Viti Levu, Vanua Levu, and Ovalau.  In 2017, total electricity produced by Energy Fiji increased by 6.5 percent to 983,725 megawatt-hours (MWh).  Power generation from renewable energy sources, mainly hydro, accounted for 50.1 percent of energy production, lower than the 54.0 percent in 2016.  Independent Power Producers (IPPs), namely Tropik Wood Industries Limited (TWIL) and Fiji Sugar Corporation (FSC), produce an estimated 34 megawatts (MW), while the Nabou Green Energy Limited biomass plant commissioned in 2017,  has a capacity of 10 MW.  EFL’s installed generation capacity is approximately 316 MW.  This includes the Monasavu Hydro Scheme and the Nadarivatu Hydro Scheme, which have a capacity of 80MW and 40MW respectively and about 164.9 MW of diesel capacity in 14 stations on the three main islands.  On Viti Levu, the diesel capacity of 92MW supplements the Monasavu hydro scheme for the Viti Levu Interconnected System (VLIS). 

Mineral oil imports in 2017 were estimated to total FJD $931.2 million (USD $440.91 million), accounting for 19 percent of Fiji’s total national import bill.  The transport sector is the main consumer of commercial fuel, mostly gas, oil (diesel), and aviation turbine fuel.

Fiji continues to seek alternative energy sources to supplement its heavy dependence on imported fuel with the goal of being fully reliant on renewable energy by 2030.  There is considerable scope for further investment in renewable energy.

Table 1: Fiji Mineral Fuel Imports
Year

2016 (revised)

2017 (provisional)

2018 (forecast)

2019 (forecast)

Imports of Mineral Fuels ($Millions)

FJD $726.7 (USD $344.08)

FJD $931.2 (USD $440.91)

FJD $1,204.1 (USD $570.13 )

FJD $1,167.2 (USD $552.65)

Exchange Rates

1 USD = 2.11199 FJD


Given Fiji’s heavy reliance on diesel fuel and rising energy demand, Fiji is exploring viable alternative energy sources available locally such as hydro, solar, wind, and wave energy generation, and hybrids.  The use of renewable energy sources is strongly encouraged by the government.  The government is actively seeking partners in the energy sector as Fiji explores ways to increase its generation, transmission, and distribution infrastructure, both to its urban centers and to rural users.  

To electrify isolated villages in rural areas, independent stations are planned.  Potential suppliers must work with Fiji government authorities on these projects. The presence of small, isolated population centers on Fiji’s smaller islands presents a potentially good market for tailored diesel-powered generation solutions.  For rural communities, the government will facilitate the sustainable production and management of solar power and non-grid electrification systems, such as the further development of solar home systems (SHS), solar power water supply systems, solar systems for schools and clinics, and solar water heating systems for homes and institutions.

Web Resources

Fiji Department of Energy
Energy Fiji
Pacific Power Association     
Secretariat of the Pacific Community

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Fiji Energy Trade Development and Promotion