Fiji - EnergyFiji - Energy
The country’s energy needs are met from a variety of sources, including hydro and diesel generation, wood, coal, and petroleum products. The state-owned Fiji Electricity Authority (FEA) is currently the main generator and sole distributor of grid-based power to an estimated ninety percent of the population on the main islands of Viti Levu, Vanua Levu, and Ovalau. In 2016, total electricity produced by the Fiji Electricity Authority increased by 3.5 percent to 923,580 megawatt-hours (MWh). Power generation from renewable energy sources, mainly hydro, accounted for 54 percent of energy production, an annual increase of 21.1 percent. Independent Power Producers (IPPs), namely Tropik Wood Industries Limited (TWIL) and Fiji Sugar Corporation (FSC), produce an estimated two percent of electricity annually. FEA’s installed generation capacity is approximately 237MW. This includes the Monasavu Hydro Scheme and the Nadarivatu Hydro Scheme, which have a capacity of 80MW and 40MW respectively and about 112MW of diesel capacity in 14 stations on the three main islands. On Viti Levu, the diesel capacity of 92MW supplements the Monasavu hydro scheme for the Viti Levu Interconnected System (VLIS). At present, diesel generation and hydro generation is at a 46:54 ratio.
Fuel oil imports in 2016 were estimated to total US$346 million (F$737 million), accounting for 16 percent of Fiji’s total national import bill. The transport sector is the main consumer of refined fuel oils, mostly gasoline, oil (diesel), and aviation turbine fuel.
Fiji continues to seek alternative energy sources to supplement its heavy dependence on imported energy with the goal of being fully reliant on renewable energy by 2030. The government’s reform of the electricity sector includes the restructure of the FEA, the establishment of an industry regulator, and the licensing of third parties to generate, transmit and supply electricity.
Table 1: Fiji Fuel Oils Imports
|Year||2015 (estimate)||2016 (forecast)||2017 (forecast)||2018 (forecast)|
|Imports of Fuel Oils $Millions||$429.5 (F$914.7)||$353.5 (F$753)||$414 (F$881.7)||$451.2 (F$961)|
Given Fiji’s heavy reliance on diesel fuel for electricity generation, the country is exploring viable alternative energy sources available locally such as hydro, solar, wind, and wave energy generation, and hybrids. The use of renewable energy sources is strongly encouraged by government. Government is actively seeking partners in the energy sector as Fiji explores ways to increase its generation, transmission, and distribution infrastructure, both to its urban centers and to rural users.
To electrify isolated villages in rural areas, independent stations are planned. Potential suppliers must work with Fiji government authorities on these projects.
The presence of small, isolated population centers on Fiji’s smaller islands presents a potentially good market for tailored diesel-powered generation solutions. For rural communities, the government will facilitate the sustainable production and management of solar power and non-grid electrification systems, such as the further development of solar home systems (SHS), solar power water supply systems, solar systems for schools and clinics, and solar water heating systems for homes and institutions.
Fiji Department of Energy
Fiji Electricity Authority
Pacific Power Association
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Fiji Energy Trade Development and Promotion