European Union - U.S. Export ControlsEuropean Union - U.S. Export Controls
The U.S. Department of Commerce’s Bureau of Industry and Security (BIS) is responsible for implementing and enforcing the Export Administration Regulations (EAR), which regulate the export and re-export of some commercial items, including “production” and “development” technology.
The items that BIS regulates are often referred to as “dual use” since they have both commercial and military applications. Further information on export controls is available at: http://www.bis.doc.gov/licensing/exportingbasics.htm
BIS has developed a list of "red flags," or warning signs, intended to discover possible violations of the EAR. These are posted at: https://www.bis.doc.gov/index.php/enforcement/oee/compliance/23-compliance-a-training/51-red-flag-indicators
Also, BIS has "Know Your Customer" guidance at:https://www.bis.doc.gov/index.php/compliance-a-training/export-management-a-compliance/23-compliance-a-training/47-know-your-customer-guidance
If there is reason to believe a violation is taking place or has occurred, report it to the
Department of Commerce by calling the 24-hour hotline at +1(800) 424-2980, or via the confidential lead page at: https://www.bis.doc.gov/index.php?option=com_rsform&formId=14
The EAR does not control all goods, services, and technologies. Other U.S. government agencies regulate more specialized exports. For example, the U.S. Department of State has authority over defense articles and services. A list of other agencies involved in export control can be found on the BIS web http://www.bis.doc.gov.
It is important to note that in August 2009, the President directed a broad-based interagency review of the U.S. export control system, with the goal of strengthening national security and the competitiveness of key U.S. manufacturing and technology sectors by focusing on current threats, as well as adapting to the changing economic and technological landscape. As a result, the Administration launched the Export Control Reform Initiative (ECR Initiative) which is designed to enhance U.S. national security and strengthen the United States’ ability to counter threats such as the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction.
The Administration is implementing the reform in three phases. Phases I and II reconcile various definitions, regulations, and policies for export controls, all the while building toward Phase III, which will create a single control list, single licensing agency, unified information technology system, and enforcement coordination center.
For additional information on ECR see: http://export.gov/ecr/index.asp
BIS provides a variety of training sessions to U.S. exporters throughout the year. These sessions range from one to two day seminars and focus on the basics of exporting as well as more advanced topics. A list of upcoming seminars can be found at: https://www.bis.doc.gov/index.php/compliance-a-training/current-seminar-schedule
For further details about the Bureau of Industry and Security and its programs, please visit the BIS website at: http://www.bis.doc.gov/
European Union 28 Trade Development and Promotion Export Controls