This information is derived from the State Department's Office of Investment Affairs, Investment Climate Statement. Any questions on the ICS can be directed to
Last Published: 7/3/2018
EU law provides that Member States may designate parts of the Customs Territory of the Community as “free zones”.  The EU considers the free zones to be mainly a service for traders to facilitate trading procedures by allowing fewer customs formalities.  Information on free zones is contained in Section 3, Article 243 and following of Council Regulation (EU) no. 952/2013 establishing the Community Customs Code, titled, "Free Zones”
The use of free zones varies across Member States.  For example, Germany maintains a number of free ports or free zones within a port that are roughly equivalent to U.S. foreign-trade zones, whereas Belgium has none.  A full list of EU free zones last updated in January 2017.

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European Union 28 Economic Development and Investment