Ethiopia - LivestockEthiopia - Livestock
Ethiopia is home to one of the largest livestock populations in Africa. According to government statistics, there are approximately 50 million cattle, 50 million goats and sheep, plus an assortment of horses, donkeys, camels and chickens. The GOE, as part of its Livestock Master Plan (LMP), intends to transform this sector and increase production and exports of meat in order to generate foreign exchange. The LMP also calls for increases in dairy, chicken (i.e. broiler), and egg production to satisfy increasing consumer demand for affordable livestock proteins.
Ethiopia’s commercial red meat (beef, mutton and goat) industry has made remarkable progress to date and shows considerable growth potential for the future. The GOE encourages investments in meat processing, especially those that are focused on exporting value-added products abroad. A couple of U.S. companies have already invested in the red meat sector and others have expressed interest. A large chunk of this commercially-produced red meat, most of which is currently mutton and goat meat is largely going for export to the Middle East in order to generate foreign exchange. Beef exports are also growing, with additional market opportunities on the horizon.
In addition to red meat, there are emerging opportunities in chicken, egg, and dairy production and processing. At the moment, there are a couple U.S. and foreign firms that have partnered with local companies in the milk business, which has considerable room for growth as milk consumption is still very low. The chicken business also shows promising opportunities. The GOE is focusing on expanding chicken meat production in order to reduce the country’s longstanding dependence on the livestock sector, minimize the sector’s environmental footprint, and provide more affordable protein to the masses. However, even with this anticipated increase in chicken meat production, demand is expected to outstrip supply, thereby creating potential opportunities for imports. In fact, Ethiopia recently started importing chicken meat from Ukraine and Brazil.
Many of the existing and anticipated increases in livestock production, as envisioned under the LMP, are linked to the consistent availability of quality livestock feed, animal genetics, and veterinary care. As such, investment opportunities in feed, genetics and veterinary care and the supporting industries are expected to grow in the coming years.
Sub-Sector Best Prospects
Meat and poultry processing, and supporting equipment and systems.
- Milk and dairy processing, and supporting equipment and systems
- Feed manufacturing, feed ingredients and feed milling equipment
- Livestock genetics
- Cold storage facilities
- Chicken meat exports
- Veterinary services
Ethiopia is home to abundant livestock resources. There are opportunities to manufacture livestock products for both local and export markets. Local demand for meat, milk and eggs is growing as the economy and population grow. This growth is expected to create investment and trade opportunities for certain commodities and open doors for veterinary and other livestock services. Potential opportunities exist for sales of U.S. livestock genetics and chicken meat.
- Foreign Agriculture Service Michael.Francom@usda.gov
- Foreign Commercial service Teddy.Tefera@trade.gov
- Agricultural Transformation Agency
Ethiopia Livestock Trade Development and Promotion