This is a best prospect industry sector for this country. Includes a market overview and trade data.
Last Published: 8/14/2017
The environmental technologies sector covers a large variety of processes and activities across the Canadian economy. Such technologies are generally categorized by the environmental media they are designed to protect or provide: air, water, and soil. They generally include industrial goods and services that:
  • Foster environmental protection and physical resource efficiency in industrial settings;
  • Generate compliance with environmental regulations;
  • Prevent or mitigate pollution;
  • Manage or reduce waste streams;
  • Remediate contaminated sites;
  • Design, develop, and operate environmental infrastructure; and
  • Afford the provision and delivery of environmental resources.
Environmental Technologies Market
The table below provides statistics for the Canadian market for filtering and purification machinery and apparatus and all surveying instrumentation and apparatus for atmospheric, hydrographic, and geophysical purposes.

Table: Canada Environmental Technology Production Data (USD Millions)
Total Local Production2,5611,9741,7531,671
Total Exports2,0341,7791,6821,671
Total Imports3,1942,9612,9432,877
Imports from the U.S.2,0301,8341,7041,604
Total Market Size3,7213,1553,0142,945
Exchange RatesUS$1=C$1.1US$1=C$1.28US$1=C$1.33US$1=C$1.35
Sources: Statistics Canada Imports, Exports, and export / manufacturing ratios 2013-2016 *2017 Estimates based on forecasted growth rates.
(Total Market size = total Local Production + imports – exports); Exchange Rate (Average)  (Import and Export data as recorded in US $ Current Dollars)

The Canadian regulatory framework is coordinated from the federal level by the Ministry of Environment and Climate Change Canada (Environment Canada). The ministry’s mandate is to coordinate policies and programs and to preserve the quality of the natural environment. The ministry also administers the compliance of products with applicable regulations. Provincial governments develop and enforce policies, regulations, legislation, and standards.

The Canadian environmental technologies sector, including a complexity of goods, services, and other intangible components such as Intellectual Property (IP), has an overall annual value of several billion U.S. dollars. The actual installations, equipment, and components include a large variety of product groups such as electric motors, generators, mechanical machinery, process controls, and ICT systems that are classified into various sectors.

The market size evaluation in this report is focused on product categories specific to the environment, including filtering and purification machinery and apparatus and the surveying instrumentation and apparatus for atmospheric, hydrographic, and geophysical purposes (HS842121, HS842129, HS842139, HS842199, HS9015, HS9025, and HS9026).

The total value of Canadian imports for this market was US$2.94 billion in 2016. Approximately 58 percent of the imports originated from the United States. Canada’s environmental technologies sector also has a strong domestic manufacturing base, which is highly integrated in international trade by supplying foreign markets.

Leading Sub-Sectors
  • Chlorine Tanks
  • Filtering or purifying machinery and apparatus –for other gases (US$997 million)
  • Filtering or purifying machinery and apparatus –for other liquids (US$351 million)
  • New Tertiary Membrane Treatment Plants
  • Parts for filtering or purifying machinery and apparatus (US$386 million)
  • Upgrades to Secondary and Tertiary Treatment Facilities
  • UV Disinfection systems
The Canadian government estimates US$10 billion (C$13 billion) required in investment toward modernization over the next 30 years. One in every four wastewater treatment plants needs upgrades to comply with the 2012 Systems Effluent Regulations. More than 800 wastewater treatment plants require upgrade. High-risk systems are required to meet standards by 2020, medium-risk by 2030, and low-risk by 2040.

The federal and provincial governments implemented significant air, water, and soil pollution limits, which are important drivers for the market. In addition, governments have support programs for environmental technologies. In March 2017, the Government of Canada announced a C$43 million dollar investment in clean technology innovation to help businesses working on innovative projects.

In December 2016, a Pan-Canadian Framework on Clean Growth and Climate Change was adopted by the provincial premiers and the Prime Minster of Canada outlining critical actions for growing the economy while reducing GHG emissions.
Most wastewater systems in Canada are owned and operated by municipalities, and best prospects usually fall within a municipal jurisdiction. Ontario, Manitoba, Saskatchewan, and British Columbia are top provinces for projects. Municipal water treatment spending in Canada is expected to see significant growth. Wastewater treatment is a category supported by the Provincial-Territorial Base Fund, the Green Infrastructure Fund, the Gas Tax Fund, and the Building Canada Fund.

Table: Canada Environmental Technology Projects
Project NameLocationCost (USD)Project Timeline Information
Lions Gate Secondary Wastewater Treatment PlantVancouver, British Columbia$700 millionProject Started in 2017, Operational Planned by 2020
Alberta Carbon Trunk Line (ACTL) with Agrium (Carbon Capture)Redwater, AlbertaN/AOperational by 2018
Alberta Carbon Trunk Line (ACTL) with North West Sturgeon RefineryRedwater, AlbertaN/AOperational by 2018
Seaterra ProgramSouthern Vancouver Island, British Columbia$788 millionImplementation by 2020
Upcoming Events/Tradeshows
American Water Works Association Western Canada Section (WCSAWWA) Canadian Water Forum
June 2018, dates and location to be determined

Atlantic Canada Water & Wastewater Association (ACWWA) Annual Conference
October 15 - 18, 2017
Charlottetown, Prince Edward Island

Canadian Water and Wastewater Association (CWWA) - National Water and Wastewater 2017
November 5 - 8, 2017
Saskatoon, Saskatchewan

Saskatchewan Water and Wastewater Association (SWWA) Annual Conference
November 1 - 3, 2017
Saskatoon, Saskatchewan

Water Environmental Federation Technical Exhibition and Conference (WEFTEC)
September 30 - October 4, 2017
Chicago, Illinois

Web Resources
Alberta Major Projects
Alberta Water and Wastewater Operators Association (AWWOA)
American Water Works Association, Western Canada Section (WCSAWWA)
British Columbia Major Projects Inventory
Canadian Infrastructure Report Card
Canadian Water and Wastewater Association (CWWA)
Environment and Climate Change Canada
Saskatchewan Water and Wastewater Association (SWWA)
Statistics Canada
U.S. International Trade Administration (ITA) 2016 Top Markets Report - Environmental Technologies
U.S. Interntaional Trade Administration (ITA) – TradeStats Express™

Contact Information
U.S. Commercial Service Toronto
Stefan Popescu
Commercial Specialist
Phone: (416) 595-5412

Prepared by our U.S. Embassies abroad. With its network of 108 offices across the United States and in more than 75 countries, the U.S. Commercial Service of the U.S. Department of Commerce utilizes its global presence and international marketing expertise to help U.S. companies sell their products and services worldwide. Locate the U.S. Commercial Service trade specialist in the U.S. nearest you by visiting

Canada Environmental Technology Trade Development and Promotion