Brazil - Trade StandardsBrazil - Trade Standards
Brazil has strict rules regarding standards and an active group of standards organizations. The National Institute of Metrology, Quality, and Technology (INMETRO) is a government entity and is the operating arm of Brazil’s standards regime, led by the National Council of Metrology, Standardization and Industrial Quality, CONMETRO. The council is formed by a group of 8 ministries and 5 governmental agencies. The Council is the regulatory body of The National System of Metrology, Standardization and Industrial Quality (SINMETRO). More information about the Council can be found at the website.
ANSI, the American National Standards Institute, also has Brazil-related standards information via their Standards website.
INMETRO is the main national accreditation body and is in charge of implementing the national policies regarding quality and metrology established by CONMETRO, the Council that oversees INMETRO’s activities. INMETRO is responsible for certification of products, services, licensing, and testing labs, among other duties. More information about INMETRO can be found at INMETRO website.
The Brazilian Association of Technical Standards (ABNT) is the recognized standards organization. The Associação Brasileira de Normas Técnicas (ABNT) was created in 1940, as a non-profit organization engaged in the preparation of national standards.
ABNT establishes and manages marks of conformity with standards applied in voluntary or compulsory product certification schemes. ABNT is an accredited registration body to certify quality systems, environmental management systems and several products. They develop standards, and reference ISO and IEC standards, and sometimes U.S. developed international standards.
When the need for standardization of a given topic arises, ABNT refers the matter to the responsible Technical Committee, where it will be exposed to the various sectors involved. Once the Draft Standard has been prepared, it is then submitted for National Consultation. In this process, the Draft Standard, prepared by a Study Committee representing the stakeholders and sectors involved, is submitted to the society for consideration. During this period, any interested party may express, without any burden, in order to recommend to the Study Group authorizing the approval of the text as presented; The approval of the text with suggestions; Or its non-approval, and, for this, the interested party must present the technical objections and justification.
Contributions can be made at the website.
More information about ABNT can be found at ABNT website.
NIST Notify U.S. Services
Member countries of the World Trade Organization (WTO) are required under the Agreement on Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT Agreement) to report to the WTO all proposed technical regulations that could affect trade with other Member countries.
Notify U.S. is a free, web-based e-mail subscription service that offers an opportunity to review and comment on proposed foreign technical regulations that can affect your access to international markets. (Registration online).
Testing, inspection and certification
Conformity assessment includes all activities needed to demonstrate compliance with specified requirements relating to a technical regulation or voluntary standard. In Brazil, the conformity assessment system follows ISO guidelines. Conformity assessment includes test and calibration laboratories, product certification bodies, accreditation bodies, inspection and verification units, quality system registrars, and others.
Conformity assessment can be voluntary or mandatory (done through a legal instrument to protect the consumer on issues related to life, health and environment). Interested U.S. parties can be accredited by INMETRO to perform conformity assessment activities.
Brazilian laboratories accredited by INMETRO can be found here.
For regulated products, the relevant government agency generally requires that entities engaged in product testing and mandatory certification be accredited by INMETRO. Generally, testing must be performed in-country, unless the necessary capability does not exist in Brazil.
INMETRO is a signatory to the mutual recognition arrangement (MRA) of the International Laboratory Accreditation Cooperation (ILAC), which can facilitate acceptance of test results from U.S. laboratories that are accredited by U.S. organizations and are also signatories. For a complete list of MRAs to which INMETRO belongs, visit the website.
A complete list of products subject to mandatory certification can be found here.
There is no legal mandate as of yet to retest non-regulated products that have been approved in their country of origin. For non-regulated products, some U.S. marks and product certification may be accepted. As with all voluntary standards, any certification that may be required in non-regulated sectors is a contractual matter to be decided between buyer and seller. Market forces and preferences sometimes de facto require a specific certification.
To facilitate U.S. product acceptance in Brazil by recognizing existing certifications, agreements between U.S. and local certifiers/testing houses are encouraged. Also, there is no impediment for the establishment of U.S. certification organizations in Brazil. If your product has been certified in the U.S. or Europe, it may not need to be recertified (see MRA above). If your product is not certified, please refer to the mandatory product certification link.
A list of certified products (both mandatory and voluntary) in Brazil is available at the website.
The General Coordination for Accreditation (CGCRE) of INMETRO is responsible for accrediting certification bodies, quality system registrars, inspection bodies, product verification and training bodies, as well as testing and calibration laboratories.
Information about accreditation requirements and currently accredited bodies is available at the website.
Publication of technical regulations
The regulations on Public Consultation are on the Inmetro website.
INMETRO and CONMETRO use their websites to inform the public about updates to technical regulations.
For additional information please contact Standards Attache, Sarah Cook at Sarah.Cook@trade.gov or Standards Assistant Bruna Pizzuti at Bruna.Pizzuti@trade.gov
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