This information is derived from the State Department's Office of Investment Affairs’ Investment Climate Statement. Any questions on the ICS can be directed to EB-ICS-DL@state.gov.
Last Published: 7/31/2017

able 2: Key Macroeconomic Data, U.S. FDI in Host Country/Economy

 

Host Country Statistical Source

USG or International Statistical Source

USG or International Source of Data:
BEA; IMF; Eurostat; UNCTAD, Other

Economic Data

Year

Amount

Year

Amount

 

Host Country Gross Domestic Product (GDP) ($M USD)

2016

$1,799,436

2015

$1,774,700

World Bank

BCB

Foreign Direct Investment

Host Country Statistical source

USG or International Statistical Source

USG or International Source of Data:
BEA; IMF; Eurostat; UNCTAD, Other

U.S. FDI in partner country ($M USD, stock positions)

2014

$111,714*

2015

$65,272**

BEA data

U.S. is Historical-Cost Basis

Host country’s FDI in the United States ($M USD, stock positions)

2015

$9,606*

2015

$23,660**

BEA data

Total inbound stock of FDI as % host GDP

2015

26%

N/A

N/A

IMF CDIS 2015 total inbound investment

*In this year’s report, we are using latest BCB “Historical-Cost Basis” statistics for this chart.

**There is a discrepancy between BCB and IMF calculations for U.S. FDI distribution in Brazil, as well as Brazilian FDI distribution in the United States. According to the BCB, the United States had the highest stock of FDI in Brazil as of 2014.
 

Table 3: Sources and Destination of FDI

Direct Investment from/in Counterpart Economy Data

(IMF Coordinated Direct Investment Survey, 2015)

From Top Five Sources/To Top Five Destinations (US Dollars, Millions)

Inward Direct Investment

Outward Direct Investment

Total Inward

460,381

100 %

Total Outward

145,043

100 %

Netherlands

110,210

24 %

Cayman Islands

52,456

36 %

United States*

82,125

18 %

Austria

30,937

21 %

Spain

57,426

12 %

Brit Virgin Islands

24,523

17 %

Luxembourg

34,732

8 %

The Bahamas

20,730

14 %

United Kingdom

23,213

5 %

Spain

11,403

8 %

"0" reflects amounts rounded to +/- USD 500,000.

*There is a discrepancy between BCB and IMF calculations for U.S. FDI distribution in Brazil, as well as Brazilian FDI distribution in the United States. According to the BCB, the United States had the highest stock of FDI in Brazil as of 2014. The BCB calculates FDI distribution by ultimate investing country (for which the United States ranks number one), whereas the IMF calculates FDI distribution by immediate investing country (for which the Netherlands ranks number one). The differences between “immediate” and “ultimate investing country” measures of FDI likely reflect the use by both U.S. and Brazilian multinational corporations of 3rd country affiliates as investment vehicles in order to minimize their consolidated tax liabilities.
 

Table 4: Sources of Portfolio Investment

Portfolio Investment Assets (IMF Coordinated Portfolio Investment Survey, June 2016)

Top Five Partners (Millions, US Dollars)

Total

Equity Securities

Total Debt Securities

All Countries

23,595

100%

All Countries

71,816

100%

All Countries

5,779

100%

United States

10,316

44 %

United States

6,936

39 %

United States

3,380

58 %

Cayman Islands

2,604

11 %

Cayman Islands

2,481

13 %

Spain

713

12 %

Spain

1,685

7 %

Bermuda

1,502

8 %

Denmark

650

11 %

Bermuda

1,503

6 %

Luxembourg

1,105

6 %

Republic of Korea

487

8 %

Luxembourg

1,135

5 %

Spain

972

5 %

Cayman Islands

123

2 %

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Brazil Economic Development and Investment