This information is derived from the State Department's Office of Investment Affairs’ Investment Climate Statement. Any questions on the ICS can be directed to
Last Published: 7/31/2017

Brazil does not have a Bilateral Investment Treaty (BIT) with the United States. In the 1990s Brazil signed BITs with Belgium and Luxembourg, Chile, Cuba, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Italy, the Republic of Korea, the Netherlands, Portugal, Switzerland, the United Kingdom and Venezuela. None of these were ratified by Brazil’s Congress. In 2002, an inter-ministerial working group withdrew the agreements from Congress after determining that treaty provisions on international investor state dispute resolution was unconstitutional and thus the agreements could not be ratified.

The GOB signed seven Cooperation and Facilitation Investment Agreements (CFIAs) since 2015 (MRE.SERPRO), which are pending Congressional ratification: Mozambique (April, 2015), Angola (May 2015), Mexico (June 2015) Malawi (October 2015), Colombia (October 2015), Chile (November 2015), and Peru (2016).

The signed CFIAs outline progressive steps for the settlement of any “issue of interest to an investor” including 1) an ombudsmen and a Joint Committee appointed by the two governments will act as mediators to amicably settle any dispute; 2) if amicable settlement fails, any of the two governments may bring the dispute to the attention of the Joint Committee; 3) if the dispute is not settled within the Joint Committee, the two governments may resort to interstate arbitration mechanisms.”

Brazil does not have a double taxation treaty with the United States, but it does have such treaties with 36 other countries, including, Japan, France, Italy, the Netherlands, Canada, Spain, Portugal, and Argentina. Brazil signed a Tax Information Exchange Agreement (TIEA) with the United States in March 2007, which entered into force on May 15, 2013 when President Rousseff signed Decree 8003/2013. In September 2014, Brazil and the United States signed an intergovernmental agreement (IGA) to improve international tax compliance and to implement the Foreign Account Tax Compliance Act (FATCA). This agreement went into effect in September 2015.

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Brazil Economic Development and Investment Market Access International Agreements