Includes the U.S. government export controls that companies need to abide by when exporting to this country.
Last Published: 4/17/2016
In June 2002, the United States lifted most restrictions on exports and re-exports to Afghanistan. Such transactions are now subject to export control policies applicable to most countries who are not members of multilateral export control regimes.  The majority of everyday commercial goods does not require specific U.S. government authorization for export or re-export to Afghanistan.  However, certain items on the Commerce Control List do require a license from the U.S. Department of Commerce’s Bureau of Industry and Security (BIS).  These include items controlled for chemical and biological weapons, nuclear nonproliferation, national security, and missile technology reasons.  There are also foreign policy controls in place for regional stability and crime control reasons.  These requirements can be found in Part 742 of the Export Administration Regulations (EAR).
 
The U.S. government generally reviews license applications to export controlled goods to Afghanistan on a case-by-case basis.  Note a license is required to export an item subject to the EAR even when one would not otherwise be necessary, if you know, have reason to know, or are otherwise individually informed by BIS with respect to a specific transaction that the item will be used in activities related to nuclear, chemical, or biological weapons or missile delivery systems as defined in part 744 of the EAR.  In addition, certain restrictions administered by the U.S. Department of the Treasury’s Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC) continue in effect with respect to transactions involving members of the Taliban.  Detailed information on U.S. export policies can be found at the BIS website http://www.bis.doc.gov/index.htm.  You may also contact the BIS Export Counseling Division at (202) 482-4811 for specific guidance.
 
The National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2013 (signed 02 Jan 2013) includes a subtitle, the "Iran Freedom and Counter-Proliferation Act of 2012" (IFCA), that sets out a number of new sanctions related to Iran.  IFCA strengthens existing sanctions significantly.  Such sanctions include, but are not limited to, new measures that require the imposition of sanctions set forth in the Iran Sanctions Act (ISA) on persons (i.e., individuals and entities) and activities connected to Iran's energy, shipping, and shipbuilding sectors, as well as on persons involved in the sale, supply, or transfer of precious metals and certain materials to or from Iran that can be used in connection with nuclear, military, or ballistic missile programs.  IFCA also makes sanctionable the provision of significant financial services in support of such sanctionable activities.  In addition, IFCA provides for sanctions on the provision of underwriting services, insurance, or reinsurance to activities and persons targeted by U.S. sanctions against Iran, as well as sanctions on activities related to the diversion of goods intended for the Iranian people.  These new authorities address the role of Iran's energy, shipping, and shipbuilding sectors as a source of revenue for the Government of Iran's proliferation activities.  For more information on Iran sanctions, go to this website: http://www.treasury.gov/resource-center/sanctions/Programs/pages/iran.aspx.

Prepared by our U.S. Embassies abroad. With its network of 108 offices across the United States and in more than 75 countries, the U.S. Commercial Service of the U.S. Department of Commerce utilizes its global presence and international marketing expertise to help U.S. companies sell their products and services worldwide. Locate the U.S. Commercial Service trade specialist in the U.S. nearest you by visiting http://export.gov/usoffices.



Afghanistan Trade Development and Promotion Export Controls