Includes health and sanitation standards within the country, as well as any potential health risks that businesspeople should be aware of. Includes any mandatory or highly recommended vaccinations.
Last Published: 4/17/2016
The climate in Afghanistan is dry.  Summer temperatures can reach more than 100 degrees Fahrenheit, and winter temperatures can fall as low as 20 degrees Fahrenheit with snow.  Kabul is very dusty and shoes and clothes are difficult to keep clean.
 
Well-equipped medical facilities are few throughout Afghanistan.  European and American medicines are available in limited quantities and may be expensive or difficult to locate.  There is a shortage of standard medical supplies.  Basic medicines manufactured in Iran, Pakistan, and India are available; but, their quality can be questionable.  Travelers should bring all necessary medications, both prescription and over-the-counter.  A couple of western-style private clinics have opened in Kabul recently: the DK-German Medical Diagnostic Center (http://www.medical-kabul.com) and CURE International Hospital (ph. 0799-883-830) offer a variety of care.   Americans seeking treatment should request American or Western health practitioners. American travelers may seek emergency medical services at the Resolute Support (RS) medical facilities in the Kabul area, but routine care is not available.  The ISAF Hospital and the combined forces ISAF clinic, adjacent to Kabul International Airport, may provide medical care to American citizens who can show appropriate ID and who request emergency care, but payment must be made at the time of service in USD or Euros (credit card not accepted). Shino Zada Private Hospital located in Microrayon 4, opposite the central heating center, provides general surgery, maternity care, ambulance and pharmacy facilities 24 hours a day.  Imran Clinic, across from the Ministry of Interior, has limited laboratory and x-ray facilities. Contact information for medical providers in Kabul can be found on the Embassy’s website: http://kabul.usembassy.gov/lmpa.html.
 
Afghan public hospitals should be avoided.  Individuals without government licenses or even medical degrees often operate private clinics; there is no public agency that monitors their operations.  Travelers will not be able to find Western-trained medical personnel in most parts of the country outside of Kabul, although there are some international aid groups temporarily providing basic medical assistance in various cities and villages.  For any medical treatment, payment is required in advance.  Commercial medical evacuation capability from Afghanistan is limited and safe pick-up and transport of a patient, when available, can take 30-60 hours to accomplish.  Information on vaccinations and other health precautions, such as safe food and water precautions and insect bite protection, may be obtained from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s hotline for international travelers at 1-877-FYI-TRIP (1-877-394-8747) or via the CDC’s Internet site http://wwwn.cdc.gov/travel/destinationAfghanistan.aspx.  For information on outbreaks of infectious diseases abroad consult the World Health Organization’s website http://www.who.int/en. Further health information for travelers is available http://www.who.int/ith.

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Afghanistan Trade Development and Promotion Business Travel and Etiquette