Afghanistan - Distribution and Sales ChannelsAfghanistan - Distribution and Sales Channels
Formal distribution and sales channels are not well-developed in Afghanistan. Most commerce is confined to small storefronts, markets, and informal roadside trading; although, some major distribution centers are Kabul, Herat, Mazar-e-Sharif, Jalalabad, and Kandahar. Many commercial goods destined for Afghanistan are shipped through ports in Karachi, or Port Qasim, Pakistan, moved over land by rail, or truck, and enter the country via the Torkham (Nangarhar province), or Chaman (Kandahar province), border crossings. In addition, a significant amount of Afghanistan’s imports pass through Hairatan, the country’s third largest port, in northern Afghanistan. A 75 km rail link, from Uzbekistan to Marzar-e-Sharif, was completed in mid-2011. Goods are currently distributed throughout Afghanistan by truck. Another major overland route is through Iran via Bandar-i-Abbas, entering Afghanistan at the border with Herat province. Potential investors should remain aware of U.S. and international sanctions legislation, targeting Iran that may impact shipping to Afghanistan via this route. More information is available at the website of the Department of the Treasury’s Office of Foreign Assets Control. There is no internal rail network in Afghanistan. Though a growing number of air cargo companies are offering their services, this sector is still undeveloped, and expensive. Prepared by our U.S. Embassies abroad. With its network of 108 offices across the United States and in more than 75 countries, the U.S. Commercial Service of the U.S. Department of Commerce utilizes its global presence and international marketing expertise to help U.S. companies sell their products and services worldwide. Locate the U.S. Commercial Service trade specialist in the U.S. nearest you by visiting http://export.gov/usoffices.