Discusses the distribution network within the country from how products enter to final destination, including reliability and condition of distribution mechanisms, major distribution centers, ports, etc.
Last Published: 4/17/2016
Formal distribution and sales channels are not well-developed in Afghanistan.  Most commerce is confined to small storefronts, markets, and informal roadside trading; although, some major distribution centers are Kabul, Herat, Mazar-e-Sharif, Jalalabad, and Kandahar.  Many commercial goods destined for Afghanistan are shipped through ports in Karachi, or Port Qasim, Pakistan, moved over land by rail, or truck, and enter the country via the Torkham (Nangarhar province), or Chaman (Kandahar province), border crossings.  In addition, a significant amount of Afghanistan’s imports pass through Hairatan, the country’s third largest port, in northern Afghanistan.  A 75 km rail link, from Uzbekistan to Marzar-e-Sharif, was completed in mid-2011.  Goods are currently distributed throughout Afghanistan by truck.  Another major overland route is through Iran via Bandar-i-Abbas, entering Afghanistan at the border with Herat province. Potential investors should remain aware of U.S. and international sanctions legislation, targeting Iran that may impact shipping to Afghanistan via this route. More information is available at the website of the Department of the Treasury’s Office of Foreign Assets Control.  There is no internal rail network in Afghanistan.  Though a growing number of air cargo companies are offering their services, this sector is still undeveloped, and expensive.

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Afghanistan Marketing