China - Selling to the Government China - Selling to the Government
China’s current government procurement regime is governed by two primary laws. The Government Procurement Law, which is administered by the Ministry of Finance, governs purchasing activities conducted with fiscal funds by state organizations and other organizations at all levels of government in China. The Tendering and Bidding Law falls under the jurisdiction of the National Development and Reform Commission and imposes uniform tendering and bidding procedures for certain classes of procurement projects in China, notably construction and public works projects, without regard for the type of entity that conducts the procurement. Both laws cover important procurements that WTO Government Procurement Agreement (GPA) Parties would consider to be government procurement eligible for coverage under the GPA, which China has yet to join. The United States continues to work with the Chinese government to ensure that China’s future GPA offers include coverage of government procurement regardless of which law it falls under, including procurement conducted by both government entities and other entities, such as state-owned enterprises.
The U.S. Government imposes restrictions on the sale of many items to the Chinese military. Restrictions on this type of business exist both in the United States and China. For example, the United States restricts the export of munitions items to China. U.S. manufacturers should contact the Department of Commerce’s Bureau of Industry and Security (202-482-4811) and the U.S. State Department’s Directorate of Defense Trade Controls (202-663-2980) for guidance before selling items to the Chinese military.
The U.S. Department of Commerce’s Advocacy Center coordinates U.S. government interagency advocacy efforts on behalf of U.S. exporters bidding on public-sector contracts with overseas governments and government agencies. The Advocacy Center helps to ensure that sales of U.S. products and services have the best possible chance competing abroad. Advocacy assistance is wide and varied but often involves companies that want the U.S. Government to communicate a message to foreign governments or government-owned corporations on behalf of their commercial interest, typically in a competitive bid contest.
Many governments finance public works projects through borrowing from the Multilateral Development Banks. Please refer to ”Project Financing” Section in “Trade and Project Financing” for more information.