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Environment

Commercial Specialist responsible for the sector: 

Veronika Novakova, Veronika.Novakova@trade.gov

Reports available to US companies upon request:

Water Market in the Czech Republic (2009)

Brownfields & Remediation Market Brief (2009)

Indoor Air Market in the Czech Republic (2007)

Summary

Water and Waste Water: The water sector was privatized in the mid-1990s and the municipalities and their unions became the new owners.  In 2007, 9.5 million inhabitants (92 percent of the population) were supplied from water systems.  Water supply systems produced a total of over 682 million cubic meters of drinking water.  Compared to previous years, the amount of drinking water loses decreased. However, leakage still totals almost 20 percent. In 2007, 8.3 million inhabitants were connected to the sewage systems.  Almost 96 percent of waste water was treated in as many as 2,004 waste water treatment plants (WWTP).  Market demand for advanced technologies is mostly satisfied by imports. Most of the imports comes from Europe. The Czech Republic will have to spend CZK 49 billion ($2.45 billion) to fulfill its obligations to the European Union (EU) to build suitable WWTP, and sewage systems in municipalities with more than 2,000 inhabitants by 2010.  The quality of tap drinking water is high,  never-the-less Czechs have become big consumers of bottled water.  The use of home filtration systems is also growing slowly.

Waste and Recycling:  The EU focus on recycling and re-use has also been introduced to the country in recent years, following an EU trend of transforming Europe into a ‘recycling society’. In 2007, 25.1 million tons of waste was produced in the country, or 2.4 tons per capita. Most of the waste, almost 22 million tons, was produced by companies - mainly concrete, bricks, demolition waste, and soil produced by construction companies.  Communal waste accounted for about 3 million tons.  Some 5.5 million tons of waste was recycled; 650,000 tons of waste was used as fuel and material to produce energy.  The country recycles 52 percent of PET bottles and other plastic products, 68% of glass and 95% of paper waste.  The problem areas in recycling include household waste (mainly vegetable) and electrical appliances.  Currently, the country is recycling only about 20% of these waste products.

Air Pollution: The volume of greenhouse gas emissions produced by Czech power and metallurgical plants has not been declining recently.  Carbon dioxide pollutes the air on a massive scale.  It was reported to be emitted by 80 plants, mostly power plants, reaching a total of 86.3 million tones.  Moravia-Silesia and north Bohemia regions are still the most burdened by pollution. Coal-fuelled power plants make up 14 of the country's 20 largest producers of carbon dioxides. The other heaviest polluters are iron works, chemical plants, heat & paper producers.

Environmental Services: Environmental consultancy services are generally offered through a competitive bidding system on projects in the government as well as in the private sector. Although the Czech market is extremely price sensitive, clients are willing to pay a substantial premium for the quality and suitability of services offered. U. S. companies will face strong competition from local environmental consulting companies. They can be successful in leveraging their experience and the latest technologies to offer assistance with financial solutions.