The Brazilian government is facilitating foreign direct investment by granting special tax incentives. Federal Law 12,350/2010 (former Executive Decree 7,319/2010) grants a series of benefits to all FIFA’s suppliers and service providers. This special tax regime, also known as RECOM (Regime Especial de Tributação para Construção, Ampliação, Reforma ou Modernização de Estádios de Futebol), provides tax exemption for importation of materials and new equipment where no equivalent is produced in Brazil.
The 2016 Olympic Games is receiving special consideration for tax benefits at the state level. The ruling “Convênio ICMS 133”, from December 5, 2008, authorizes the Brazilian states to exempt sales tax of all products destined for the 2016 Games, which is also applicable to suppliers of goods and services related to the Games.
Approximately US$18.7 billion in new investment is scheduled for the development of sports complexes for the upcoming international games. Olympic-related projects include:
The estimated investment in infrastructure is approximately US$15 billion, including:
Note also that funding for projects is guaranteed with a significant appropriation by the Brazilian Federal Government under its “Plan for Growth Acceleration” (PAC). This program encompasses investment in three major areas:
The 2016 Brazilian Olympic Committee has a budget of approximately US$ 2.5 billion. This amount will serve for the organization and execution of the Games. Some of the items it includes are catering, rental of sports equipment, temporary installations (such as for Beach Volleyball), overlay, athletes and delegation accommodations, and ticketing.
Some of the contracts awarded for Olympics and the World Cup in the city of Rio de Janeiro include:
a. Olympic Park
Considered the heart of the 2016 Olympic and Paralympic Games, the sports complex is being set up at the site of the current Autodromo (Auto Race Track) in Barra da Tijuca. There, 14 Olympic and 9 Paralympic sports will be played. The Park was designed based on an international urban design competition, the first held in Brazil, which received 60 studies from 18 countries. The winner was the American architectural firm Aecom, which also took part in the design of the London Olympic Park. In this project, financing of the construction is being done by putting together two partnerships - the municipal district with the private sector and the municipal district with the federal government.
The first stage of the Olympic Park’s construction will be made possible with private funds, through a public-private partnership (PPP). The city government held the competition for the PPP at the beginning of 2011 and the Rio Mais Consortium, composed of Norberto Odebrecht, Andrade Gutierrez, and Carvalho Hosken, won. Besides performing the construction work, the Consortium will operate and maintain the area for 15 years.
In the stage that will start in the second quarter of 2013, the city government will carry out Olympic Park construction projects that will have funds provided by the federal government. In this phase, the bicycle race track, a permanent facility, and temporary facilities like the
Handball arena, the Tennis Center, and the Aquatic Park will be built. These temporary facilities, where possible, will be designed to be transformed afterwards into facilities like schools and public libraries, under the concept of nomadic architecture that is being developed by the municipal district.
b. Athletes’ Village
The Rio Mais Consortium will also build two other facilities located in the same area. These facilities are the Vila dos Atletas (Athletes’ Village) - where the athletes will be housed during the Games, and the Parque Carioca (Rio Park). The residents of Vila Autódromo, a community located around the location of the future Olympic Park, will be resettled.
The Consortium is also responsible for building three sports pavilions, which after the
Games will form an Olympic training center for high-performance athletes. These facilities are unique to Brazil and considered to be the most modern in Latin America. Finally, the Consortium will also build a 400-room hotel and the Main Press Center, to be used during the Games and which is planned to later house a commercial company.
c. BRT Transoeste (Rapid Transport)
Time Frame: Construction began in July 2009 and is expected to be completed by 2012.
Cost: US$692.1 million
Contracting Companies: Odebrecht and Sanerio. The work is divided into three lots that run simultaneously. Odebrecht is in charge of the first two, and Sanerio is in charge of the third. The City Hall of Rio de Janeiro will oversee the whole project.
Description: Transoeste is one of the four BRTs that is a part of the road package to prepare the city of Rio for the 2016 Olympic Games. Transoeste is an express 56 km corridor linking Barra da Tijuca to Santa Cruz, in the western area of the city. It should benefit approximately 220,000 people per day and will include 53 stations. The work also includes the restoration of 255,000 square meters of roads and the deployment of 522,000 square meters of pavement. 3,650 light fixtures will also be mounted, providing new lighting on the highway.
d. BRT Transcarioca (Rapid Transport)
Time Frame: Construction will start in January 2011 and is expected to be completed by December 2013, before the 2014 World Cup.
Cost: US$750 million.
Contracting Companies: Andrade Gutierrez
Description: Integrated with the Transoeste BRT, the Transcarioca corridor will connect Barra da Tijuca and Galeão international Airport. It is 39km long, has 45 stations, and connects 13 neighborhoods. The system will result in an estimated 60 percent reduction of travel time, benefiting 400,000 people.
e. BRT Transolimpica (Rapid Transport)
Time Frame: Construction began at the end of 2010 is expected to last just over three years.
Cost: US$800 million.
Contracting Companies: Construction will be led by the Rio Olímpico Consortium, formed by Invepar, Odebrecht Transportation, and CCR, who won the tender.
Description: Transolimpica will be around 23km long and include 18 stations, connecting the neighborhoods of Recreio and Deodoro, shortening the movement of athletes between the Olympic facilities. Unlike Transoeste and Transcarioca, it can be used by cars (50,000 estimated, per day) and won´t have any intersections or lights. The system will benefit 400,000 people and will have a toll system connected directly to Transcarioca and Transoeste. Pedestrians will have access to priority crossings, wide sidewalks, bike lanes, and bike racks at stations.
f. Porto Maravilha (Port Revitalization)
Time Frame: Phase 1 started June 2009 and should be ready for the 2014 World Cup. Phase 2 began in the first quarter of 2011 and should be ready for the 2016 Rio Olympics.
Cost: Phase 1 received US$175 million. Phase 2 received US$1.75 billion of the Redundancy Guarantee Fund (which includes US$439 million granted from The Federal Savings Bank in Rio).
Contracting Companies: The Porto Novo Consortium, made up of Odebrecht, OAS, and Carioca Engenharia won a US$3.4 billion tender on October 2010 to carry out phase 2 of the project. It is a 15-year agreement between the Rio de Janeiro City Council and Porto Novo, which represents Rio de Janeiro's first PPP.
Description: One of the highlights of the Rio 2016 Olympic efforts is the revitalization of the port district of Rio de Janeiro. In addition to being home to the Media Village (intended for print media and also to the holders of the rights to broadcast transmission), the site will have other facilities, including a Non-Accredited Media Center, Main Operations Center (MOC), Operational Technology Center (OCD), Uniform Distribution Center (UAC) and Main Accreditation Center (MAC). Phase 1 is ongoing, including the construction of the Rio Art Museum and the Museum of Tomorrow, the renewal of the Praça Mauá and the Mauá Pier, renewal of one million square meters of existing infrastructure (with potentially the development of a further five million), renovation of pavements, parks and squares, as well as the planting of trees and the restoration of native mangrove species. The ambitions of Phase 2 of the project are more wide reaching, designed to raise the standard of living for current residents of the port district. The aims of Phase 2 include the installation of new sewage networks, in addition to improvements in water, electricity, telephone and piped gas infrastructure. Traffic flow in the district will also be completely reorganized as 4km of tunnels, on-ramps, bike lanes, and bus stops are constructed and the Perimetral Overpass is demolished.
g. Maracanã Stadium (Renovation)
Time Frame: Construction began at the end of August 2010 and completion is expected in December 2012, prior to the 2013 Confederations Cup.
Cost: US$200 million
Contracting Companies: Rio de Janeiro Public Works Company is responsible for the project and renovation is funded jointly by BNDES and the State Government of Rio de Janeiro. Construction work is being done through a partnership between Odebrecht and Andrade Gutierrez.
Description: Capacity of the stadium will drop from 86,000 to 76,000 and will provide 14,000 parking spaces, in line with FIFA recommendations. In addition, a roof to cover the entire public area will be added to the five-story stadium and all seats will be replaced. The renovation will convert the Maracanã into a multi-purpose arena complete with bars, restaurants, and shops. To boost accessibility and security, four ramps will be constructed. The upgrade will allow for full evacuation of the stadium within 8 minutes. A new hospitality area will also be constructed on the west side of the ground floor. It is intended for athletes, media, and guests of FIFA. Also, the area will be equipped with locker rooms that will have direct access to the field. The north side of the stadium will be devoted to operational support services. The west side of the stadium's top ring will have 3,000 seats for the media. Two floors will feature 88 boxes, each measuring 50m² and with the capacity to accommodate up to 30 people. The Celio de Barros Stadium, a neighboring stadium often used for international competitions, will be fitted with a 10-hectare center for media and a 7,159m² broadcast compound.
h. Galeão - Antonio Carlos Jobim International Airport (Renovation)
Time Frame: Construction began near the end of 2009 and is expected to be completed by mid-2011, while the extra parking will not be finished until May of 2013.
Cost: US$178 million
Contracting Companies: Not yet defined. The current government's intention is to prevent the participation of contractors, as occurred in the February 2012 auctions related to the Airports of Guarulhos (São Paulo), Viracopos (Campinas, State of São Paulo) and Brasília (Federal District). At the time, all 11 groups who entered the contest had the presence of giant national construction companies such as Odebrecht, Queiroz Galvão, CCR (Camargo Corrêa and Andrade Gutierrez) and OAS (Invepar). As major investments to expand capacity of Galeão´s terminals have already been made by Infraero, linked to the Brazilian Ministry of Defense, the Dilma administration has made it clear that the presence of contractors is unnecessary, being that the ultimate goal is simply to improve the current airports’ management capacity. In any case, a final announcement should be made by the end of October 2012.
Description: The upgrade is meant to increase annual handling capacity of the airport from the current 18 million to 44 million passengers per year. The upgrade will include the renovation of both terminals and the runways. The project will also include modernization of passenger gates and construction of new parking areas. Construction work at TPS1 is expected to be finished by February 2011. Work on TPS2 should be finished by the first half of 2011, and the extra parking areas will be completed in May 2013.
Long Term Opportunities and Contracts for the Olympics and World Cup include:
a. Olympic Aquatics Stadium
Time Frame: Construction for the permanent structure is planned for 2013 and will be completed by 2015. Temporary work on the Aquatics Stadium is expected to begin in 2015 and completed in 2016.
Cost: US$19 million for the permanent works and US$9 million for the temporary works.
Contracting Companies: The Rio Mais Consortium won the tender for the construction of the stadium, which is part of the Olympic Park.
Description: The stadium is planned to be built in the Barra da Tijuca neighborhood of Rio de Janeiro. The venue will host the swimming and synchronized swimming events for the 2016 Summer Olympics. The planned design of this facility is similar in appearance to the Beijing “water cube” both in shape and in its futuristic feel. The building will replace what is currently a public park, and will have a maximum capacity of 18,000. The initial architect on the facility is BCMF Arquitetos.
b. Olympic Tennis Center
Time Frame: Construction for the permanent structure is planned for 2013 and to be completed in 2015. Temporary works on the Tennis Center are expected to begin in 2015 and completed in 2016.
Cost: US$23 million for the permanent works and US$9 million for the temporary works.
Contracting Companies: The Brazilian Federal Government is in charge of the design, construction tender, and approval for the construction of the Tennis Center.
Description: The Tennis Center is planned to be built in Barra da Tijuca. The venue will consist of four separate tennis courts and will host the tennis events for the 2016 Summer Olympics. Seating capacity for the Center is expected to be 10,000 for the center court, 8,000 for the show courts, and 250 people for match courts.
c. Golf Course
Time Frame: Executive project should be ready by April 2013. Construction will begin afterward and should be ready by mid-2015.
Cost: US$197,000 for the executive project and US$30 million for construction works.
Contracting Companies: Architects Pedro Évora and Pedro Rivera, from Rua Architects, won the contest to design the structure that will house the social and service areas of the Golf Course for the Olympic Games in 2016. The field design is being developed by the U.S. firm Hanse Golf Course Design, also chosen through tender last March.
Description: The facilities of the social area will be built on an area of 950 square meters on the Marapendi Reserve, in Barra da Tijuca. These facilities will be built via a PPP between the municipality, the Olympic Organizing Committee, and a consortium formed by RJZ Cyrela and executive Pasquale Mauro. The consortium will bear the costs of the construction and is allowed to build luxury estates surrounding the field.